ARLINGTON, Va., Feb. 21, 2019 — The United States has no national tracking system for babies born with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS), just a patchwork quilt of state systems that are not always accurately counting the number of babies born affected by opioids, March of Dimes says.
In 2017, March of Dimes and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) awarded grants to three states — Illinois, New Mexico, and Vermont — to obtain state-level, population-based estimates of babies born with NAS. A study that will be published Feb. 22 in CDC’s journal Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report found that the three states’ estimates of the number of babies born with NAS varied widely.
March of Dimes and the authors of the study note that these three states are building on existing methods from state birth defects surveillance programs to count babies affected by NAS. March of Dimes officials urged other states across the country to create or improve NAS tracking efforts.
“It’s very difficult to treat moms and newborns affected by opioid use, and to allocate the resources needed for them, without knowing the exact frequency of the problem in your state,” says Rahul Gupta, MD, MPH, MBA, Chief Medical & Health Officer for March of Dimes. “We urge all states to adapt birth defects surveillance programs to measure NAS incidence so that all moms and babies can get the health care they need, no matter which state they are born in.”
Dr. Gupta also noted that March of Dimes has made it a priority to help and support pregnant women and babies affected by opioid use and keep them safe. This includes policy initiatives aimed at providing care for mother and baby, such as access to comprehensive services; priority access to drug treatment programs and flexible treatment; immunity during prenatal visits; and more provider education.
NAS is a drug withdrawal syndrome that can occur in newborns exposed to opioids and other addictive substances during pregnancy. Recent U.S. estimates indicate that, from 2004–2014, NAS incidence increased from 1.5 to 8.0 per 1,000 hospital births. The authors of Feb. 22’s paper note that these estimates were based on diagnostic codes identified in hospital discharge data (HDD), and little is known about how well these codes identify NAS.
The MMWR study utilized methodology developed in state birth defects surveillance programs and verified potential cases using a consistent definition and medical chart review. The study found that Illinois’s NAS incidence rates (3.0 per 1,000 births in 2015 and 2016) were higher than previous estimates determined using passive surveillance methods. NAS incidence rates for New Mexico and Vermont were 7.5, and 30.8 per 1,000 births, respectively, in 2015 — slightly lower than previously reported HDD-based estimates for these states (8.5 and 33.3 per 1,000 births).
March of Dimes leads the fight for the health of all moms and babies. We support research, lead programs and provide education and advocacy so that every baby can have the best possible start. Building on a successful 80-year legacy of impact and innovation, we empower every mom and every family. Visit marchofdimes.org or nacersano.org for more information. Visit shareyourstory.org for comfort and support. Find us on Facebook and follow us on Instagram and Twitter.
Source: “March of Dimes Urges States To Accurately Identify Babies Affected By Opioids” 21 February, 2019. https://www.prnewswire.com/ 21 February, 2019 https://prnmedia.prnewswire.com/news-releases/march-of-dimes-urges-states-to-accurately-identify-babies-affected-by-opioids-300798957.html